Yr26-virulent Puccinia striiformis f.sp. tritici pathotypes in China are genetically diverse

A Pst pathotype group named V26, virulent to wheat lines possessing Yr26 (=Yr24) has become the third most frequent group in China after races CYR32 and CYR33. Twenty four near-isogenic lines (NILs) and 19 Chinese differentials were used to identify the avirulence/virulence spectra of 36 Yr26-virulent isolates from four provinces (Qinghai, Gansu, Sichuan and Ningxia). Eight races were identified when tested on the NIL set, and 7 races were identified on the Chinese set. There was no relationship with province of origin. Three races identified on the NILs occurred at relatively high frequencies (23, 3, and 3 isolates). Virulence differences existed for Yr1, Yr4, Yr6, Yr9, Yr17, Yr25, Yr32, YrSp, and YrTr1. Among the 7 races identified on the Chinese differentials, one (CYR32 + Yr26 virulence) was represented by 13 isolates and another (CYR33 + Yr26 virulence) included 15 isolates. Among the entire group there were virulence differences on Trigo-Eureka (Yr6+), Lovrin 13 (Yr9+), Kangyin 655, Fengchan 3 (Yr1+), Lovrin 10 (Yr9+), and Hybrid 46 (Yr4+). All isolates were avirulent on Zhong 4 and T. spelta. Using 18 polymorphic simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers, we identified 35 genotypes clustered into two molecular groups (MGs) at a similarity coefficient level of 0.70. SSR analysis also indicated a high level of recombination within the V26 group. The considerable diversity indicates a threat not only to cultivars carrying Yr26, but also to other currently resistant materials.

State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology for Arid Areas and College of Plant Protection, Northwest A&F University, P.R. China
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