Literature Results

Displaying 1 - 10 of 676 records | 1 of 68 pages

The Lr34 adult plant rust resistance gene provides seedling resistance in durum wheat without senescence

The hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum) adult plant resistance gene, Lr34/Yr18/Sr57/Pm38/Ltn1, provides broad-spectrum resistance to wheat leaf rust (Lr34), stripe rust (Yr18), stem rust (Sr57) and powdery mildew (Pm38) pathogens, and has remained effective in wheat crops for many decades. The partial resistance provided by this gene is...

Amy Rinaldo, Brian Gilbert, Rainer Boni, Simon G. Krattinger, Davinder Singh, Robert F. Park, Evans Lagudah, Michael Ayliffe

Plant Biotechnology Journal · Volume 15 · Issue 7 · 2017

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Genetic yield gains in CIMMYT's international Elite Spring Wheat Yield Trials by modeling the genotype * environment interaction

We calculated the annual genetic gains for grain yield (GY) of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) achieved over 8 yr of international Elite Spring Wheat Yield Trials (ESWYT), from 2006–2007 (27th ESWYT) to 2014–2015 (34th ESWYT). In total, 426 locations were classified within three main megaenvironments (MEs): ME1 (optimally irrigated environments), ME4 (drought-stressed environments), and...

Leonardo A. Crespo-Herrera, Jose Crossa, Julio Huerta-Espino, Enrique Autrique, Suchismita Mondal, Govindan Velu, Mateo Vargas, Hans J. Braun, Ravi P. Singh

Crop Science · Volume 57 · Issue 2 · 2017

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Molecular Mapping of Stem Rust Resistance Loci Effective Against the Ug99 Race Group of the Stem Rust Pathogen and Validation of a Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Marker Linked to Stem Rust Resistance Gene Sr28

Wheat landrace PI 177906 has seedling resistance to stem rust caused by Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici races TTKSK, TTKST, and BCCBC and field resistance to the Ug99 race group. Parents, 140 recombinant inbred lines, and 138 double haploid (DH) lines were evaluated for seedling resistance to races TTKSK and BCCBC. Parents and the DH population were evaluated for field...

E. M. Babiker, T. C. Gordon, S. Chao, M. N. Rouse, R. Wanyera, M. Acevedo, G. Brown-Guedira, and J. M. Bonman

Phytopathology · Volume 107 · Issue 2 · 2017

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Identification and characterization of Sr13, a tetraploid wheat gene that confers resistance to the Ug99 stem rust race group

The Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici (Pgt) Ug99 race group is virulent to most stem rust resistance genes currently deployed in wheat and poses a threat to global wheat production. The durum wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. durum) gene Sr13 confers resistance to Ug99 and other virulent races, and is more effective at high temperatures. Using...

Wenjun Zhang, Shisheng Chen, Zewdie Abate, Jayaveeramuthu Nirmala, Matthew N. Rouse, Jorge Dubcovsky

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (US) · 2017

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Large-Scale Atmospheric Dispersal Simulations Identify Likely Airborne Incursion Routes of Wheat Stem Rust Into Ethiopia

In recent years, severe wheat stem rust epidemics hit Ethiopia, sub-Saharan Africa’s largest wheat-producing country. These were caused by race TKTTF (Digalu race) of the pathogen Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici, which, in Ethiopia, was first detected at the beginning of August 2012. We use the incursion of this new pathogen race as a case study to determine likely airborne...

M. Meyer, L. Burgin, M. C. Hort, D. P. Hodson, and C. A. Gilligan

Phytopathology · Volume 107 · Issue 10 · 2017

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Identification and characterization of Sr13, a tetraploid wheat gene that confers resistance to the Ug99 stem rust race group

The Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici (Pgt) Ug99 race group is virulent to most stem rust resistance genes currently deployed in wheat and poses a threat to global wheat production. The durum wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. durum) gene Sr13 confers resistance to Ug99 and other virulent races, and is more effective at high temperatures. Using...

Wenjun Zhanga, Shisheng Chena, Zewdie Abate, Jayaveeramuthu Nirmala, Matthew N. Rouse, Jorge Dubcovsky

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (US) · Volume 114 · Issue 45 · 2017

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Comparative Analysis Highlights Variable Genome Content of Wheat Rusts and Divergence of the Mating Loci

Three members of the Puccinia genus, P. triticina (Pt), P. striiformis f.sp. tritici (Pst), and P. graminis f.sp. tritici (Pgt), cause the most common and often most significant foliar diseases of wheat. While similar in biology and life cycle, each species is uniquely adapted and specialized. The genomes of ...

Christina A. Cuomo, Guus Bakkeren, Hala Badr Khalil, Vinay Panwar, David Joly, Rob Linning, Sharadha Sakthikumar, Xiao Song, Xian Adiconis, Lin Fan, Jonathan M. Goldberg, Joshua Z. Levin, Sarah Young, Qiandong Zeng, Yehoshua Anikster, Myron Bruce, Meinan Wang, Chuntao Yin, Brent McCallum, Les J. Szabo, Scot Hulbert, Xiaming Chen, John P. Fellers

G3 · Volume 7 · Issue 2 · 2017

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Identification and validation of single nucleotide polymorphic markers linked to Ug99 stem rust resistance in spring wheat

Wheat stem rust (Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici Eriks. and E. Henn.) is one of the most destructive diseases world-wide. Races belonging to Ug99 (or TTKSK) continue to cause crop losses in East Africa and threaten global wheat production. Developing and deploying wheat varieties with multiple race-specific genes or complex adult plant resistance is necessary to achieve...

Long-Xi Yu, Shiaoman Chao, Ravi P. Singh, Mark E. Sorrells

PLoS One · 2017

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Speed breeding for multiple disease resistance in barley

To respond faster to the changing climate, evolving pathogens and to feed a global population of 9–10 billion by 2050, plant breeders are exploring more efficient crop improvement strategies. In this study, we applied novel methodology for rapid trait introgression to the European two-rowed barley cultivar Scarlett. Scarlett is widely-grown in Argentina and is preferred for malting and brewing...

Lee T. Hickey, Silvia E. Germán, Silvia A. Pereyra, Juan E. Diaz, Laura A. Ziems, Ryan A. Fowler, Greg J. Platz, Jerome D. Franckowiak, Mark J. Dieters

Euphytica · Volume 213 · Issue 64 · 2017

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Mining Vavilov’s Treasure Chest of Wheat Diversity for Adult Plant Resistance to Puccinia triticina

Leaf rust (LR) caused by Puccinia triticina, is among the most important diseases of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) crops globally. Deployment of cultivars incorporating genetic resistance, such as adult plant resistance (APR) or all-stage resistance, is considered the most sustainable control method. APR is preferred for durability because it places lower selection pressure on the...

Riaz, A.; Athiyannan, N.; Periyannan, S.; Afanasenko, O.; Mitrofanova, O.; Aitken, E. A. B.; Lagudah, E.; Hickey, L. T.

Plant Disease · Volume 101 · Issue 2 · 2017

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